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Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

The pelvic floor consists of several layers of muscles that cover the bottom of the pelvic cavity. These muscles have 3 distinct roles:

1) To support the pelvic organs, the bladder, uterus and colon within the pelvis
2) To assist in stopping and starting the flow of urine or passage of gas or stool
3) To aid in sexual appreciation.

When performing a proper contraction of the pelvic floor muscles, you should feel a sensation of pulling up and in. A functional stop test can be done to know if you are contracting the right muscles. This is done by trying to stop the flow of urine during flow. Attempt to completely stop the flow of urine by contracting these muscles. You should not hold your breath or contract the abdominals or other hip and leg musculature while contracting the pelvic floor. Take note of whether you can completely stop the flow of urine stream.

What can make the pelvic floor muscles weak:

*Sustained coughing or sneezing
*Heavy incorrect lifting
*Hormones associated with menopause

Types of Dysfunction:
* Stress or Urge Urinary Incontinence
* Constipation or Bowel leakage
* Prolapse
* Painful intercourse or penetration
* Pelvic Pain
* Coccydynia

Pelvic floor therapy can help to provide conservative treatment options for both men and women who are experiencing any type of pelvic floor dysfunction and laxity. Appropriate exercise, muscle awareness, electrical stimulation, biofeedback and massage can reduce the symptoms that may occur with pelvic floor dysfunction.

For more information please contact His Therapy at 864-534-1780 or email at